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Participatory interventions for sexual health promotion for adolescents and young adults on the internet: Systematic review

Abstract : Background: The World Health Organization recommends the development of participatory sexuality education. In health promotion, web-based participatory interventions have great potential in view of the internet's popularity among young people. Objective: The aim of this review is to describe existing published studies on online participatory intervention methods used to promote the sexual health of adolescents and young adults. Methods: We conducted a systematic review based on international scientific and grey literature. We used the PubMed search engine and Aurore database for the search. Articles were included if they reported studies on participatory intervention, included the theme of sexual health, were conducted on the internet (website, social media, online gaming system), targeted populations aged between 10 and 24 years, and had design, implementation, and evaluation methods available. We analyzed the intervention content, study implementation, and evaluation methods for all selected articles. Results: A total of 60 articles were included, which described 37 interventions; several articles were published about the same intervention. Process results were published in many articles (n=40), in contrast to effectiveness results (n=23). Many of the 37 interventions were developed on websites (n=20). The second most used medium is online social networks (n=13), with Facebook dominating this group (n=8). Online peer interaction is the most common participatory component promoted by interventions (n=23), followed by interaction with a professional (n=16). Another participatory component is game-type activity (n=10). Videos were broadcast for more than half of the interventions (n=20). In total, 43% (n=16) of the interventions were based on a theoretical model, with many using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model (n=7). Less than half of the interventions have been evaluated for effectiveness (n=17), while one-third (n=12) reported plans to do so and one-fifth (n=8) did not indicate any plan for effectiveness evaluation. The randomized controlled trial is the most widely used study design (n=16). Among the outcomes (evaluated or planned for evaluation), sexual behaviors are the most evaluated (n=14), followed by condom use (n=11), and sexual health knowledge (n=8). Conclusions: Participatory online interventions for young people's sexual health have shown their feasibility, practical interest, and attractiveness, but their effectiveness has not yet been sufficiently evaluated. Online peer interaction, the major participatory component, is not sufficiently conceptualized and defined as a determinant of change or theoretical model component. One potential development would be to build a conceptual model integrating online peer interaction and support as a component.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02927400
Contributor : Elise de la Rochebrochard <>
Submitted on : Saturday, October 31, 2020 - 5:46:51 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 3:33:21 AM

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Martin 2020, J Med Internet Re...
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Philippe Martin, Lorraine Cousin, Serge Gottot, Aurélie Bourmaud, Elise de la Rochebrochard, et al.. Participatory interventions for sexual health promotion for adolescents and young adults on the internet: Systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, JMIR Publications, 2020, 22 (7), pp.e15378. ⟨10.2196/15378⟩. ⟨hal-02927400v2⟩

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