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Relationship between Vertical Jump and Maximal Power Output of Legs and Arms: Effects of Ethnicity and Sport

Abstract : The hypothesis that ethnicity and sport practice influence the relationship between maximal power in cycling (P(max)) and countermovement jump (CMJ) has been studied by relating CMJ and P(max) in two groups (volleyball players, VB, and physical education students, PES) including subjects with Caucasian (67 C) or West African (39 WA) origins. Maximal power of the arms (P(max) Arms) was also measured. A two-way analysis of variance (groups × ethnicity) showed significant effects of both factors upon CMJ, which was higher in WA and VB, P = 0.002 and P < 0.001, respectively. Within WA, CMJ was significantly higher in VB (0.732 ± 0.057 m) than in PES (0.661 ± 0.082 m), although there was no difference in P(max) (14.7 ± 1.7 vs 14.7 ± 1.9 W/kg). CMJ was significantly higher in WA (0.69 ± 0.08 vs 0.65 ± 0.09 m in C, P = 0.002) without significant interethnic difference in P(max) (14.7 ± 1.8 in WA, and 14.8 ± 1.9 W/kg in C). The CMJ-P(max) relationships were different in C and WA (P = 0.003). Therefore, CMJ predicted from P(max) would be underestimated in WA. The same difference was observed for the relationship between CMJ and P(max) Arms. These results were confirmed by the comparison with previous P(max) -CMJ relationship in the literature, collected in Caucasian and African subjects with the same protocols.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 14, 2017 - 4:18:42 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 20, 2020 - 4:10:07 PM

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Majdi Rouis, Elvis Attiogbé, Henry Vandewalle, Hamdi Jaafar, Timothy David Noakes, et al.. Relationship between Vertical Jump and Maximal Power Output of Legs and Arms: Effects of Ethnicity and Sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Wiley, 2015, 25 (2), pp.e197-207. ⟨10.1111/sms.12284⟩. ⟨hal-01467712⟩

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