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The hierarchical model of exercise dependence: the development of the problematic practice of physical exercise scale

Abstract : Physical exercise when done excessively may have negative consequences on physical and psychological wellbeing. There exist many scales to measure this phenomenon. The purpose of this article is to create a scale measuring the problematic practice of physical exercise (PPPE Scale) by combining two assessment tools already existing in the field of exercise dependency but anchored in different approaches (EDS-R and EDQ). This research consists of three studies carried out on three independent sample populations. The first study (N = 341) tested the construct validity (exploratory factor analysis); the second study (N = 195) tested the structural validity (confirmatory factor analysis) and the third study (N = 104) tested the convergent validity (correlations) of the preliminary version of the PPPE scale. Exploratory factor analysis identified six distinct dimensions associated with exercise dependency. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analysis validated a second order model consisting of 25 items with six dimensions and four sub-dimensions. The convergent validity of this scale with other constructs (GLTEQ, EAT26, and The Big Five Inventory [BFI]) is satisfactory. The preliminary version of the PPPE must be administered to a large population to refine its psychometric properties and develop scoring norms.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 15, 2017 - 12:25:01 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 9:35:49 AM

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Gayatri Kotbagi, Laurence Kern, Lucia Romo, Ramesh Pathare. The hierarchical model of exercise dependence: the development of the problematic practice of physical exercise scale. Journal of Individual Differences, Hogrefe, 2015, 36 (4), pp.247-257. ⟨10.1027/1614-0001/a000172⟩. ⟨hal-01468291⟩

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