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External influences on referees’ decisions in judo: the effects of coaches’ exclamations during throw situations

Abstract : The present research investigated the influence of coaches' exclamations on referees' decision-making in judo. Under time pressure, 65 judo referees judged identical throw situations played on video. The coaches' exclamations during throws were audible in the experimental condition, whereas no sound was present in the control condition. The throw situations varied in ambiguity (low vs. high) and strength (minor sanctions vs. hard sanctions), while coaches' exclamations interpreted the throws in a manner that was congenial for their own competitor. Results indicated that referees may use an audience response heuristic or a consensus heuristic to help them make decisions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 15, 2017 - 12:25:28 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 9:37:13 AM

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Nicolas Souchon, Paul Fontayne, Andrew Livingstone, Gregory R. Maio, Nathalie Mellac, et al.. External influences on referees’ decisions in judo: the effects of coaches’ exclamations during throw situations. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2013, 25 (2), pp.223-233. ⟨10.1080/10413200.2012.713440⟩. ⟨hal-01468306⟩

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