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Riot in Mexico City: A Challenge to the Colonial Order?

Abstract : Obviously the city of Mexico is far away from Europe. Nevertheless, it was the perfect exemplar of city organized along imperial lines. As the capital of ‘New Spain’ and the headquarters of the viceroy and archbishop, it was the showcase of Spain in America. But suddenly and unexpectedly, the Spanish government's colonial policy had to be reconsidered on 8 June 1692 when the most important riot in the history of the city of Mexico broke out. A crowd of thousands of Indians gathered on the Plaza Mayor and kept shouting ‘long live the king, but kill the government’. They lynched the National Guards and burned every sign and symbol related to Spain. Far from being a mere food riot, it was a genuine political movement. The riot of 8 June 1692 was the result of ‘good government police’ that is to say ‘police’ understood in its original sense as good government of the city. This article examines the consequences of the revolt for the city's police and for the Spanish colonial order which was based upon the separation of the Spanish and Indian population.
Keywords : Mondes Américains
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https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01471827
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Submitted on : Monday, February 20, 2017 - 12:31:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:17:35 AM

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Arnaud Exbalin. Riot in Mexico City: A Challenge to the Colonial Order?. Urban History, 2016, 43 (2), pp.215--231. ⟨10.1017/S0963926815000279⟩. ⟨hal-01471827⟩

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