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La croyance au monde juste comme facteur explicatif de diverses réactions à des injustices professionnelles

Abstract : The belief in a just world is defined as the tendency to consider that “people get what they deserve and deserve what they get”, i.e. to consider that the world is, globally, a place of justice. Facing an individual unjustly victim of negative events and for whom it seems impossible to restore the justice objectively, we frequently deny the existence of the unjustice, even if we say the responsible of what he gets. But if we can react by adopting “passive” reactions (using the victim’s moral or behavioral responsibility, as in Lerner, or evocating a future favoring the victim,..), we can also adopt “active” strategies which can lead to an objective re-establishment of the justice. In the present study, we examined the influence of the degree of the belief in the just world on the selected strategy facing professional injustices. And effectively, our results indicate a some preferences in the use of such or strategy, preferences accentuated by the gender and the professional statute.
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Coralie Soudan, Bernard Gangloff. La croyance au monde juste comme facteur explicatif de diverses réactions à des injustices professionnelles. Psychologie du travail et des organisations, Elsevier Masson, 2012, 17, pp.171--185. ⟨10.1016/S1420-2530(16)30077-2⟩. ⟨hal-01473291⟩

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