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Pregnancy, Somatic Complaints and Depression: A French Population-Based Study

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Depression during pregnancy is today one of the greatest medical risks for expectant mothers and newborns. It is associated with numerous morbid conditions and with postnatal depression. Identifying depression during pregnancy is therefore a major public health concern, but screening for depression is not routinely carried out in somatic settings. We hypothesized that the presence of numerous somatic complaints contributes to the detection of an increased risk of depression during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1000 consecutive pregnant women approached during OB/GYN visits at a general maternity hospital. They were asked to fill out a questionnaire, which contained the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and a checklist of 18 somatic complaints. RESULTS: The median number of somatic complaints was 5 (interquartile range 3-7). The risk of depression during the 2nd and 3rd trimesters was 18.3% (EPDS score > 10.5). Logistic regression revealed that when the somatic complaints total score moved from 3 to 7, the odds of moving from not-at-risk to at-risk for antenatal depression were multiplied by 2.91. CONCLUSION: Our results call for further research exploring somatic complaints and their link to depression during pregnancy. Until more knowledge is available, we suggest considering that women with a high number of somatic complaints during pregnancy are at high risk for depression and should be referred for further diagnostic clinical assessment and care.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 1, 2017 - 9:57:11 AM
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Gisèle Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Valérie Garez, Marina Valente, Marie-Camille Genet, et al.. Pregnancy, Somatic Complaints and Depression: A French Population-Based Study. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Elsevier, 2013, 171 (1), pp.35-39. ⟨10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.08.013⟩. ⟨hal-01480093⟩



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