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What Lies behind Postnatal Depression: Is It Only a Mood Disorder?

Abstract : Postnatal depression (PND) is a common condition that has been extensively researched specifically because of its negative impact on the mother-infant relationship. Psychiatric research has looked at comorbidity of major depressive disorder and found it to be strongly associated with Axis II disorders. This study's principal aim was to investigate whether there is a greater incidence of personality disorder (PD) among a PND population than among a non-PND population at 3 months postpartum. A secondary aim was to define the different types of PD. Depression was assessed with the Montgomery and Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and PD was assessed with the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SIDP-IV) in 109 women with their 12-week-old infants. Twice as many depressed mothers had PD. The PND group presented a greater number of severe clinical symptoms than the nondepressed group (p < .002). Further research is necessary to reexamine the heterogeneity of PND and reassess its impact on infant development.
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Gisèle Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Maya Gratier, Marina Valente, Annick Le Nestour. What Lies behind Postnatal Depression: Is It Only a Mood Disorder?. Journal of Personality Disorders, Guilford Press, 2012, 26 (3), pp.357-367. ⟨10.1521/pedi.2012.26.3.357⟩. ⟨hal-01480098⟩



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