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L'industrie osseuse de Tayara (KbFk-7, Nunavik) revisitée par la technologie

Abstract : Bone tools from Tayara (KbFk-7, Nunavik) revisited by a technological study Tayara is one of the most famous Palaeo-Eskimo sites in the Eastern Canadian Arctic. William E. Taylor Jr. excavated it in 1958, and it has since become the main reference for defining Early Dorset characteristics. His study was based on harpoon head typology and on the animal and human figurines discovered, especially the famous little human mask. This site is also exceptional because several occupation levels were unearthed for up to a metre in depth. Although Taylor used Tayara as an Early Dorset reference, this dating was challenged in the early 21th century, and the Avataq Cultural Institute has undertaken new excavations in the central part of Tayara, near Taylor's trenches 1, 2, and 3. The present article offers a typological and technological study of bone tools (ivory, bone, and antler) found by Taylor (164 objects) and by the Avataq Cultural Institute (1,090 pieces). Unfortunately, the new excavations (levels II and III) are palimpsests that encompass different occupations over a period of 600 years, and Tayara can no longer be uniquely considered an Early Dorset site. Levels 2 and 3 from Taylor's trenches seem generally comparable to level III of the recent excavations and probably date from Late Pre-Dorset times, whereas level 1 and the "buried culture" layer seem more associated with level II, which is considered Middle Dorset. These inferred datings are supported by the new radiocarbon dates.
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https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01529077
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 30, 2017 - 11:34:48 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01529077, version 1

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Claire Houmard. L'industrie osseuse de Tayara (KbFk-7, Nunavik) revisitée par la technologie. Etudes inuit. Inuit studies, Universite Laval, 2015, 39 (2), pp.145-172. ⟨hal-01529077⟩

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