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L’allée couverte du bois d’Archemont à Méréaucourt (Somme)

Abstract : This monument was erected in a trench, during the recent Neolithic, and was used for six or eight hundred years as a collective grave. It presents two funerary layers separated by an anthropogenic infilling. The burials in both layers were primary as well as secondary, with at least 34 individuals for the lower layer and 35 for the upper layer. During the course of this long period, various interventions occurred, including the removal of bones and even a partial emptying of the grave. The teeth are better preserved than the bones and complete the data provided by the latter. During this period, the monument was covered by a light roof. It is only after use that the grave was closed off by the megalithic table-style slabs. The monument was still visited for a while, before the intentional destruction of the upper parts, associated with a partial covering. Besides rather common objects, this gallery grave yielded several amber beads, one of which is exceptional ; as well as ten polished flint axes, nine of which were found in primary position. In this paper, these pieces are the subject of a technological and use-wear study, which reveals unexpected diversity, in both fabrication and use. As well as this diversity, their position in the tomb is of particular interest. The environment evolved during the history of this gallery grave : first it was relatively wooded, it then presented early indications of clearing, followed by transient renewed forest development corresponding to the closing off of the monument ; this was followed by renewed clearing, corresponding to historical periods. Today, the forest has reclaimed the land.
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Claude Masset, Jacques Pelegrin, Hugues Plisson, Arnaud Blin, Farida Mazhoud, et al.. L’allée couverte du bois d’Archemont à Méréaucourt (Somme). Gallia Préhistoire – Préhistoire de la France dans son contexte européen, CNRS Éditions, 2013, 55, pp.73-179. ⟨10.3406/galip.2013.2500⟩. ⟨hal-01529131⟩

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