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Hiéroclès, les devoirs envers la patrie et les parents

Résumé : This article gives a precise commentary of the texts written by Hierocles about duties towards the country and towards parents, texts transmitted by Stobaeus, Ecloguae, 3.39.34-36 (3. 730.17 – 734.10 WH) and 4.25.53 (4. 640.4 – 644.15 WH). Our scope is to understand the principles of their global organisation and to compare it to the ones organizing the same sections in Epictetus and Musonius. The « Eurêsis tôn kathêkontôn » follows in Hierocles some very specific principles. Each duty has got a cosmic justification, understandable with two different interpretative models. The first model is the one of the concentric circles : the duty of the individual reason is to shape oneself while shaping its relations of affections, from the closer (the body, the family) to the more distant (humanity qua generical abstraction, or humanity as a whole). This double constitution is done when obeying to the following rule : transfering to the more distant things or beings the affection we have for closer ones. A second model is here at stake : this transfer of affection and its corollary scale of duties can be explained by what I chose to call the « principle of generational transitivity ». Every single being has got duties towards what has fathered it, that is, towards each causal principle : parents, country, god. This principle of generational transitivity is completed by a nominal principle, similar to the one adopted by Epictetus : it is from the definition of the being that one can deduce the duties one will have to carry out.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 30, 2017 - 12:28:57 PM
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Christelle Veillard. Hiéroclès, les devoirs envers la patrie et les parents. Philosophie antique - problèmes, renaissances, usages , Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2016, L’éthique du stoïcien Hiéroclès, pp.105-143. ⟨10.4000/books.septentrion.88681⟩. ⟨hal-01551521⟩

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