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Tours et détours du kokolampo tandroy

Abstract : The article questions the practice of the possession to Tandroy, through the evolution of the status of the kokolampo spirit, considered by them as endemic (Androy, South Madagascar). This spirit was threatened at the beginning of the 1970s by the massive arrival of tromba spirits come from the North of the Island by means of migrations. Tandroy indeed is a population of migrants, making of ceaseless travels between their region of origin and the main urban areas of the country. Today, kokolampo and tromba work together within the Tandroy cults of possession. Fieldworks made between 2008 and 2013 allowed me to re-question the place and the social function of theses spirits. Two ethnographic cases can show how the kokolampo seems to take on a double function: that of support of the tradition, in a substitution logic in the ancestral cults, and that of fulcrum in a “civilized future”, built besides on mimesis with the world of the state employees. Besides, the shape of the duality presented by both spirits will be questioned. The relationship which they maintain with the possessed person seems to show a possible reproduction of the Tandroy social system, agnatic and polygamous, and the inscription in paradigm involving relations of filiation and wedding ring.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 9, 2017 - 6:04:14 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 3:41:00 PM

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Élisabeth Rossé. Tours et détours du kokolampo tandroy. Études Océan Indien, Presses de l'Inalco, 2014, pp.225--250. ⟨10.4000/oceanindien.1848⟩. ⟨hal-01631960⟩

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