Modifications of Retinal Afferent Activity Induce Changes in Astroglial Plasticity in the Hamster Circadian Clock

Abstract : The circadian clock, located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus in mammals, exhibits astroglial plasticity indicated by GFAP expression over the 24-h period. In this study, we evaluated the role of neuronal retinal input in the observed changes. Modifications of retinal input, either by rearing animals under darkness (DD) or under constant light (LL), or by suppressing afferent input (bilateral enucleation), induced drastic changes in astroglial plasticity. In enucleated animals, a dramatic decrease in GFAP expression was evident in the area of the SCN deprived of retinal projections, whereas persistence of a rhythmic variation was in those areas still exhibiting GFAP expression. By contrast, no changes in astrocytic plasticity were detected in hamsters maintained under LL. These data suggest two fundamental roles for astrocytes within the SCN: (1) to regulate and mediate glutamate released by retinal terminals throughout the neuronal network to facilitate photic signal transmission; (2) to contribute to synchronization between suprachiasmatic neurons. GLIA 34:88 –100, 2001.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01645069, version 1

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Monique Lavialle, Anne Bobin-Bègue, Catherine Papillon, Jordi Vilaplana. Modifications of Retinal Afferent Activity Induce Changes in Astroglial Plasticity in the Hamster Circadian Clock. Glia, Wiley, 2001. 〈hal-01645069〉

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