Is French Laïcité Still Liberal? The Republican Project under Pressure (2004-15)

Abstract : Laıcité has assumed centre stage in much of the public debate in France over a little more than a decade. As it retraces the main legal developments that this heightened debate has triggered, the present article underlines the radical transformation the French constitutional principle has undergone. It insists that the principle has assumed a meaning that radically contrasts with its Republican articulation in the law of 1905: it now applies to private individuals (and no longer commands only public authorities), has come to being equated with a commandment of religious neutrality (whereas it did not for most of the twentieth century) and is mainly applied to (if not targeted at) Muslim women. For all these reasons, it is argued that French la\"ıcité can no longer be coined `liberal'.
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Human Rights Law Review, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017, 17 (2), pp.285-312. 〈10.1093/hrlr/ngx014〉
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Stéphanie Hennette-Vauchez. Is French Laïcité Still Liberal? The Republican Project under Pressure (2004-15). Human Rights Law Review, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017, 17 (2), pp.285-312. 〈10.1093/hrlr/ngx014〉. 〈hal-01647239〉

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