Les droits de l’homme : ambivalences et tensions

Danièle Lochak 1
1 CREDOF - Centre de recherches et d'études sur les droits fondamentaux
CTAD - Centre de Théorie et Analyse du Droit
Abstract : Human rights have not been written in stone once and for all: they are fashioned by a series of tensions, which constitute the spring of a dynamic by which they are continually transformed: tension between power and law – the law which protects against the power but has no force unless backed by the State; tension between the primacy of the law without which there is no legally constituted state, therefore no freeedom, and the democratic principle which supposes respect for the general will, expressed by the representatives of the people; tension between the demand for autonomy which is at the heart of individual freedom and the aspiration to social justice which supposes the intervention of the State and cannot be obtained without encroaching upon this autonomy; tension between the claim of human rights to be universal and the necessary respect for the composite identities of groups or peoples, also erected as a fundamental right.
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Danièle Lochak. Les droits de l’homme : ambivalences et tensions. Revue internationale de psychologie, ESKA, 2004, Les droits de l’homme : crise et défi 10 (23), pp.9-24. ⟨10.3917/rips.023.0009 ⟩. ⟨hal-01670174⟩

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