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« La ferme ! » : verbe… ou non ?

Abstract : Françoise Kerleroux (1991, 1996) provided an in-depth study of the French colloquialism "La ferme !" ("Shut up!") within the framework of the so-called positional model of Generative Grammar (Milner 1989). In this model, syntaxic categories break down into atomic categories ("catégories des termes") and position categories ("catégories des positions syntaxiques"), so that it becomes possible to put under scrutiny cases of discrepancy between syntactic atoms and positions, such as in "La ferme !" showing no syntactic pattern. The positional model is a way of rescuing the traditional parts-of-speech (word classes) doctrine, in particular its claim that word categories are mutually exclusive. This paper shows that such a claim doesn't account for the polysemy of the formula "La ferme!" ranging from a verbal reading to a nominal one. The analysis of the morpheme FERM- restores a potential for semantic variation giving rise to different syntactic labellings of the ambiguous form "ferme".
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  • HAL Id : hal-01684338, version 1

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Remi Camus. « La ferme ! » : verbe… ou non ?. « Le complexe du verbe » (laboratoire Episteverbe, IUFM de Lyon – Université Claude Bernard), May 2012, Lyon France. ⟨hal-01684338⟩

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