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La croyance en un monde du travail juste et sa valorisation sociale perçue

Abstract : The belief in a just world has been defined as the tendency to consider that « people get what they deserve and deserve what they get ». Studies showed that this belief was unequally shared between people, was socially enhanced, and that people were conscious of its desirability, that is to say as many results permitting to assign to this belief the status of a social norm. However, the questionnaires measuring this belief are generally multi-dimensional questionnaires and to our knowledge, there are not yet questionnaires of belief in a just world specifically adapted to the organization field and which would besides translate the different implications of the just world concept. The purpose of the present research is to construct such a questionnaire and to study, on a population of salaried employees and unemployed persons, male and female, on the one hand the level of belief in such an organizational justice, and on the other hand the degree of the belief in its social desirability. We elaborated 36 items reflecting the four implications of the definition of the just world given by Lerner and Simmons in 1966 (rewarded positive actions, punished negative actions, deserved received rewards, and deserved received punishments) with in corollary the four opposite unjust implications (non rewarded positive actions ...), that is to say a total of eight situations. Moreover, each of these eight situations was declined in four thematic specific to the organizational field (a general thematic, a second focused on obtaining an employment, a third on the possibilities of promotion and a fourth on the wages); a last thematic (the non obtaining or the loss of an employment) only focused on the four negative implications (the punishments). Three conditions have been elaborated using the auto-presentation paradigm (to answer while giving the best image of oneself, to answer while tempting to give the worst image of oneself, and finally to answer honestly). We applied this questionnaire to 504 people equally distributed in each of these three conditions in terms of gender and professional insertion (salaried employees versus unemployed persons). The results essentially show, on the one hand that the belief in an organizational justice is systematically considered positively, and on the other hand that when answers are sincere, this belief is more pronounced among men than among women.
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Bernard Gangloff, Coralie Duchon. La croyance en un monde du travail juste et sa valorisation sociale perçue. Humanisme et entreprise, A.A.E.L.S.H.U.P 2010, 298 (3), pp.45 - 64 ⟨10.3917/hume.298.0045⟩. ⟨hal-01692789⟩

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