The impact of the ideological dimensions of allegiances on reactions to professional/occupational injustice

Abstract : Several studies have shown the existence of a norm of allegiance that we can define as the social valoriza-tion of the individuals avoiding to question the social environment, and in particular to question the powers hierarchy in a social system. Thus, it is possible to distinguish the individuals showing allegiance, who are socially valorized, and to oppose them to the rebels, devalorised. Recent studies showed that the norm of allegiance was not homogeneous and that it was possible to make a dichotomy according to " ideological " versus " mercenary " reasons conducting to the allegiance or not allegiance, this dichotomy leading to four categories (ideological allegiance , mercenary allegiance, ideological rebellion and mercenary rebellion). In the other hand, facing a person unjustly victim of professional injustice, we can react by adopting " passive " strategies (using for example the victim's moral or behavioral responsibility: cf. Lerner), but we also can adopt " active " strategies leading to an objective re-establishment of the justice. Our purpose was to study the impact of the allegiance on the passive vs active reactions to professional injustices by examining in a differentiated way the ideological versus mercenary reasons of this allegiance or not allegiance. Our results show that the global as well as the ideological or mercenary allegiance lead to more passivity. We also observe a gender effect (men and women use different strategies) and a statute effect with a differenciation between employees and job seekers.
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Coralie Soudan, Bernard Gangloff. The impact of the ideological dimensions of allegiances on reactions to professional/occupational injustice. Psihologia Resurselor Umane, Association of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2011, 9 (2), pp.36-53. ⟨hal-01693345⟩

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