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Le parapluie de Ponce Pilate, ou la valorisation de l’externalité en matière d’explication des comportements distributifs de sanctions (Locus of Distribution)

Abstract : One knows for a long time that the reinforcements received are more often assigned to internal reasons than to external ones. This was first considered like a bias, then like a norm. This norm of internality, initially only applied to the explanation of the reinforcements, was then generalized to the explanation of the behaviors. There would be a global norm of internality, that one can define as the internal explanation valorization, as well for the reinforcements gotten as for the adopted behaviors. The validity of this norm has, in its reinforcements side, been already put into question, with a proposition of substitution in terms of allegiance norm. We want to show here that this norm of allegiance is also valid as regards to the explanation of the behaviors. And to demonstrate it, we were located in the field of the reinforcements distributed by the teachers to their students. Our experimental procedures permitted us to verify 1) that when they punish their students, the teachers declare these last only persons responsible of these sanctions ; that is to say that the teachers consider their students interns concerning reinforcements received, confessing by this fact that themselves, teachers, are external as regards to the behaviors that they adopt while congratulating or while blaming their students, 2) that such assignments, therefore assignments contradictory of the viewpoint of the norm of internality, are valorized by the students, and that this valorization is known of the teachers. Such results seem to confirm our hypothesis of valorization of the external explanations concerning distributive behaviors of sanctions.
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https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01701799
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 6, 2018 - 10:55:24 AM
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B. Gangloff. Le parapluie de Ponce Pilate, ou la valorisation de l’externalité en matière d’explication des comportements distributifs de sanctions (Locus of Distribution). Psychologie du travail et des organisations, Elsevier Masson, 2004, 10 (4), pp.313 - 326. ⟨10.1016/j.pto.2004.10.001⟩. ⟨hal-01701799⟩

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