"En chômage" ou "au chômage" : les motifs d’une variation

Abstract : Observation of a wide corpus including dictionary entries for the word “chômage” demonstrates that there has been a progressive shift in common usage from être/mettre. ... en chômage to être/mettre... au chômage, and that the change dates back to the end of the 1970s. Rather than a replacement of the preposition “en” with “au,” we are seeing a change in tendency, since the use of “en” has not disappeared. This article seeks to account for the variation between the two constructions (at diachronic, contextual, and individual levels) in terms of the social construction of meaning. The argument relies on an awareness of the development of the term “chômage,” and on a semantic analysis of the relationship established by each preposition between the terms that they connect.
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Evelyne Saunier. "En chômage" ou "au chômage" : les motifs d’une variation. Langage et Société, Maison des Sciences de L'homme Paris, 2018, 163 (1), pp.145-168. ⟨10.3917/ls.163.0145⟩. ⟨hal-01739506⟩

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