Parental Concerns and Attributions of Food Pickiness and Its Consequences for the Parent\textendashchild Relationship: A Qualitative Analysis

Abstract : A qualitative study was conducted to identify how parents describe and attribute their toddler's food pickiness, a common pediatric problem during childhood. Parental strategies to respond to picky behaviors were also explored in this study. Focus groups were used with 38 parents of children aged 18-38 months. Results highlighted several consequences of child pickiness such as parental concerns about child's growth and health, conflicts at mealtime, and feelings of guilt. Parents attributed food pickiness mainly as a manifestation of opposition and assertiveness by their child. Some strategies known to be effective were applied by parents (such as repeated exposure, modeling, co-preparing meals, and using a flavor-based approach) but some strategies that are counterproductive were also highlighted (such as rewards for eating). Parents need to be better informed about food pickiness and the strategies that help to overcome it. Understanding parental beliefs may help pediatricians to offer appropriate guidance adapted to parental experiences and feelings.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 10:06:37 AM
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Bérengère Rubio, Natalie Rigal. Parental Concerns and Attributions of Food Pickiness and Its Consequences for the Parent\textendashchild Relationship: A Qualitative Analysis. Journal of Child Health Care, SAGE Publications, 2017, 21 (4), pp.404--414. ⟨10.1177/1367493517725832⟩. ⟨hal-01754724⟩

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