La question migratoire exprimée par le cinéma italien : du stéréotype aux récits réalistes

Abstract : Italian filmmakers have always been interested about migration. The first traces of migratory films ride up to the cinéma of silent era. During this period, the pressure of censorship are strong, cinéma is considered as a playful pastime, so denunciation's movies don't have a place. The only migrants on the screen are unreals and stereotyped. The sound cinéma of the fascist era use these artificial constructions to strengthen its propaganda, and produce films framed by censorship. The post-war cinema, on the other hand, takes back this theme to exploit it in realistic stories. Thanks to this films, we can begin to feel the inconsistency of social representations used in the past. The migrant, and more precisely the emigrant, undergoes the injustices generated by a poor and inegalitarian society. The Italian cinema of sixties and seventies is only documenting the growing inequalities. It doesn't forget to show the madness of emigrants which are henceforth binational. Filmmakers of contemporary Italian cinema go after the same way. They are interested to immigrants who arrive gradually in Italy. These bearers of new stories enrich the multicultural Italian society, a society where the Italian cinema continues to draw his most successful stories.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 3:43:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 3:02:05 PM

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Giuseppe Cavaleri. La question migratoire exprimée par le cinéma italien : du stéréotype aux récits réalistes. Textes et Contextes, Université de Bourgogne, Centre Interlangues TIL, 2017, Mémoire de l'émigration et identité italienne à l'heure de l'immigration, 1 (12), http://preo.u-bourgogne.fr/textesetcontextes/index.php?id=442. ⟨hal-01755376⟩

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