Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg

Michael O'donnell Leif D. Nelson Evi Ackermann Balazs Aczel Athfah Akhtar Silvio Aldrovandi Nasseem Alshaif Ronald Andringa Mark Aveyard Peter Babincak Nursena Balatekin Scott Baldwin Gabriel Banik Ernest Baskin Raoul Bell Olga Białobrzeska Angie Birt Walter Boot Scott Braithwaite Jessie Briggs Axel Buchner Desiree Budd Kathryn Budzik Lottie Bullens Richard Bulley Peter Cannon Katarzyna Cantarero Joseph Cesario Stephanie Chambers Christopher Chartier Peggy Chekroun 1 Clara Chong Axel Cleeremans 2 Sean Coary Jacob Coulthard Florien Cramwinckel Thomas Denson Marcos Díaz-Lago Theresa Didonato Aaron Drummond Julia Eberlen 3 Titus Ebersbach John Edlund Katherine Finnigan Justin Fisher Natalia Frankowska Efraín García-Sánchez Frank Golom Andrew Graves 4 Kevin Greenberg Mando Hanioti Heather Hansen Jenna Harder Erin Harrell Andree Hartanto Michael Inzlicht 5 David Johnson 6 Andrew Karpinski Victor Keller Olivier Klein 7 Lina Koppel Emiel Krahmer Anthony Lantian 1 Michael Larson Jean-Baptiste Légal 1 Richard Lucas 8 Dermot Lynott Corey Magaldino Karlijn Massar Matthew Mcbee Neil Mclatchie Nadhilla Melia Michael Mensink Laura Mieth Samantha Moore-Berg Geraldine Neeser Ben Newell Marret Noordewier Asil Ali Özdoğru Myrto Pantazi 9 Michał Parzuchowski Kim Peters Michael Philipp Monique Pollmann Panagiotis Rentzelas Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón Jan Philipp Röer Jan Philipp Ivan Ropovik Nelson Roque Carolina Rueda Bastiaan Rutjens Katey Sackett Janos Salamon Ángel Sánchez-Rodríguez Blair Saunders Juliette Schaafsma Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck David Shanks Martin Sherman Kenneth Steele Niklas Steffens Jessie Sun Kyle Susa Barnabas Szaszi Aba Szollosi Ricardo Tamayo Gustav Tinghög Yuk-Yue Tong Carol Tweten Miguel Vadillo 10 Deisy Valcarcel Nicolas van der Linden Michiel van Elk Frenk van Harreveld Daniel Västfjäll 11 Simine Vazire Philippe Verduyn 12 Matt Williams 13 Guillermo Willis Sarah Wood Chunliang Yang Oulmann Zerhouni 14 Robert Zheng Mark Zrubka
Abstract : Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence (“professor”) subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence (“soccer hooligans”). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%–3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and −0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the “professor” category and those primed with the “hooligan” category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.
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Michael O'donnell, Leif D. Nelson, Evi Ackermann, Balazs Aczel, Athfah Akhtar, et al.. Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg. Perspectives on Psychological Science, Association for Psychological Science, 2018, 13 (2), pp.268 - 294. ⟨10.1177/1745691618755704⟩. ⟨hal-01900604⟩

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