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Early Natufian remains: evidence for physical conflict from Mt. Carmel, Israel

Abstract : Prior to the establishment of farming communities direct physical evidence for human conflict was rarely reported from archaeological contexts. Here we present a case of an Early Natufian (14.500e13.000 cal B.P.) projectile, classified as Helwan lunate, embedded inside the seventh or eighth thoracic vertebra sequence of a mature middle age adult male. Due to calcareous concretion four vertebras were still in anatomical connection when uncovered by F. Turville-Petre, during his excavations at Kebara cave (Mt. Carmel) in 1931.
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Fanny Bocquentin, Ofer Bar-Yosef. Early Natufian remains: evidence for physical conflict from Mt. Carmel, Israel. Journal of Human Evolution, Elsevier, 2004, 47 (1-2), pp.19-23. ⟨hal-02013879⟩

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