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, CC decision no. 99-421DC, supra note 43

. Milano, , p.41

S. Eng, Legislative Inflation and the Quality of Law, LEGISPRUDENCE : A NEW THEORETICAL APPROACH TO LEGISLATION, vol.65, pp.65-79, 0397.

. Id, , p.529

. Id,

. Id,

S. Chemerinsky and . Note, , p.321

. Mistretta, , p.361, 1989.

. Id, at 374 (citing 28 U.S.C. § 991(b)(l))

. Indus, Union Dep't v. Am. Petroleum lnst, 1980.

. Id, , pp.685-86

W. V. Am, Trucking Ass'n, 531, p.457, 2001.

, CC decision no. 2007-557DC, supra note 164

, CC decision no. 75-56DC, 1922.

, TREMEAU, see supra note 198

, See supra note 57

F. Galletti, Existe-t-il une obligation de bien légiférer? Propos sur "l'incompétence negative du législateur dans la jurisprudence du Conseil Constitutionnel, 58 REVUE FRANÇAISE DE DROIT CONSTITUTIONNEL, vol.387, 2004.

G. Schmitter, L'incompétence Negative du Législateur et des Autorités Administratives, 5 ANNUAIRE INTERNATIONAL DE JUSTICE CONSTITUTIONNELLE, p.387, 1989.

, See Milano, supra note 41, at 650. See also Lucienne-Victoire Fernandez­

L. A. Constitution, . Ses, M. Valeurs, D. En-l'honneur-de, and . Lavaroff, , vol.163, 2005.

. Fernandez-maublanc,

E. G. See, D. Chamussy, ;. De, . Public, L. A. De et al., Le Conseil Constitituionnel et la Qualité de la Législation, REVUE, 2004.

. Id, , pp.842-885

, Eur. Ct. H.R, vol.245, pp.1979-80

, Zanders v. Swanson, 573 F.3d, vol.591, p.593, 2009.

N. Sys,

. Gandy, , vol.3, pp.1159-60, 2005.

H. Clinic-v.-ryan, , vol.857, pp.864-65

. Hoffman-estates-v,

H. Flipside and . Estates, New article 61-1 reads: If, during proceedings in progress before a court of law, it is claimed that a legislative provision infringes the rights and freedoms, guaranteed by the Constitution, the matter may be referred by the Conseil d'Etat or by the Cour de Cassation to the Constitutional Council which shall rule within a determined period, See also NRA of Am. v. Magaw, 132 F.3d, vol.272, p.291, 1982.

. Const, , pp.61-62

, Sorne Articles of the French Constitution are not self-executing. Thus

H. Portelli and . Rapport, Id. 229. Id. 230. Certification to federal court is a method of taking case from U.S. Courts of Appeals to Supreme Court in which former court may certify any question of law in any civil or criminal case as to which instructions are requested, p.234, 1997.