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La responsabilité, une technique de gouvernementalité néolibérale ?

Abstract : AbstractAfter Foucault, most analyses of the neoliberal style of governmentality focus on holding the individual accountable, as the preferred new approach to the transfer of what have traditionally been State responsibilities to (certain) individuals –­ a process fostered by neoliberal policies. This paper looks at some of the techniques used to produce “individual responsibility,” then offers a counter-argument by focusing on the flaw on which this sophism is based in order for it to work – or at least for it to be appealing enough to forestall criticism. The trick lies in the disarming confusion between the fostering of individual moral responsibility (in the sense of the ability to act, i.e. to act responsibly), which most people desire and hope for, and the moralizing individualization of responsibility for one’s own material wellbeing, ­ failing which one risks being called irresponsible. Our elucidation is intended to prevent the left wing from drawing on the rich resources of empowerment processes in order to reinvent itself.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 4, 2019 - 1:12:23 PM
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Émilie Hache. La responsabilité, une technique de gouvernementalité néolibérale ?. Raisons politiques, Presses de Science Po, 2007, No 28 (4), pp.49-65. ⟨10.3917/rai.028.0049⟩. ⟨hal-02173217⟩



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