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Entre capilla y misión. Jesuitas en la periferia de Arequipa en el siglo XVII

Abstract : This paper studies the ambiguity of the status of the Jesuits in the periphery of Arequipa in the seventeenth century. The Jesuits, owners of a farm near Arequipa, confront the secular clergy, about the administration of the sacraments to the Indians who live and work within their property. But the bishop claims the jurisdiction on these indigenous parishioners. Through the sacraments and evangelization, the Jesuits control indigenous labour and settlement within the land of the Company. The property of the land and the chapel works then as a limit of ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Jesuits act as missionaries, but also as any jealous owner of the religious administration of their Indians. Therefore, in this recently Christianized space we have several modalities of religious administration of the Indians, depending on the ownership of the local temple, the status of the land and those who work it. The Jesuits use the ambiguity of the legal status of the Indians, who do not belong to any reduction of the area, and their own status. As missionaries and owners, they mobilize their capacity to administer the sacraments in order to control the people and subject them to the territory.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 6:35:04 PM
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Aliocha Maldavsky. Entre capilla y misión. Jesuitas en la periferia de Arequipa en el siglo XVII. Sílex, Universidad Antonio Ruiz de Montoya, 2019, 8 (2), pp.89-119. ⟨hal-02327400⟩

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