L'exploitation du cheval à la fin du Tardiglaciaire dans le Bassin parisien

Abstract : Recent researches has brought new data about the hunted faunas by magdalenian, azilian or federmesser groups of the Paris Basin. Horse appears to have been a major component of the subsistence during a period between ca 12 500-11 500 BP. Its exploitation is here debated on chronological, environnemental and economical grounds. In the magdalenian contexts, horse has been hunted at different seasons of the year, unlike reindeer, intensively hunted in the autumn. Although faunal data are still few for the earliest azilian context, which is «contemporaneous» with the latest magdalenian settlements, horse is the first hunted species, with Red deer and Wild boar, ail of them living in an open environment. It is then argued that horse was, in a context, one of the most stable (through Late glacial scale as well as on the year-round scale) and predictable resource. Horse appears to have been a key-resource allowing a flexibility of the hunting strategies, during a period of faunal transition, before the expansion of the forest ecosystems.
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Anne Bridault, Olivier Bignon, Céline Bemilli. L'exploitation du cheval à la fin du Tardiglaciaire dans le Bassin parisien. XIVe Congrès du l'UISPP : Mode de vie au Magdalénien: Apports de l'archéozoologie, Sep 2001, Liège, Belgium. ⟨hal-02335251⟩

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