La faune du site Almohade de La Barrera (Bonares, Espagne, XIIe-XIIIe siècle)

Abstract : The site of La Barrera (Bonares, Huelva, Spain) dated from the Almohade period (12th- 13th century) has produced 273 faunal remains for a mass of 2674.9g; 191 of them are undetermined and weigh 33.3g. These undetermined ones seem to belong to determined weakened remains. Despite a relatively small number of determined remains (82), 11 taxons are identified. Domestic mammals are represented by 6 taxons: cattle, sheep and goat, equid (horse and donkey) and cat. Three wild mammal species are also present: red deer, roe deer and hare. Amongst birds, only chicken is represented. One mollusc fragment, a valve of scalop shell was also found. This archaeological assemblage coming from a pit is relatively original due to its high number of identified species, proportionally to the total number of determined remains. But more than diet waste, some young individuals are present (one perinatal equid and one red deer, and a young roe deer), of which the skin may have been be removed to produce quality leather, reputed for a long time in this region. The particular anatomical layout of the goat and sheep bone remains (metapods and skull bones), despite a small corpus, would suggest as previously a skin removal hypothesis.
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Aurélia Borvon, Claude Guintard, J. A. Pérez Macías. La faune du site Almohade de La Barrera (Bonares, Espagne, XIIe-XIIIe siècle). Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse, 2008, 159 (3), pp.130-143. ⟨hal-02336848⟩

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