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Le dopage dans le cyclisme professionnel : accusations, confessions et dénégations

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to study doping bringing-in pragmatic sociology. By avoiding costing blames, in studying the positions of different protagonists, this sociology attaches great importance to the political and moral foundations which guide social actors. We are studying doping in the Tour de France 1998 ; Five books, written by the principal actors concerned in this affair, lead us to build a corpus, analyzed by the software “Prospéro”. We are working on the process used by the protagonists to persuade people, on the plurality of “greatnesses” they refer in their conception of what it is legitimate and what it is not, and the political points of view concerning the future of cycling. Among different rhetorical strategies, to use the first person singular in introducing oneself as a confessed witness, seems very effective. We have made out five “greatnesses” used by the protagonists to justify their points of view ; this plurality allows us to understand tension and opposition in their political suggestions to emerge from this crisis.
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Patrick Trabal, Pascal Duret. Le dopage dans le cyclisme professionnel : accusations, confessions et dénégations. STAPS : Revue internationale des sciences du sport et de l'éducation physique, De Boeck Supérieur 2003, 60 (1), pp.59. ⟨10.3917/sta.060.0059⟩. ⟨hal-03016963⟩

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