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Identité lexicale et régulation de la variation sémantique: contribution à l'étude des emplois de "mettre", "prendre","passer" et "tenir"

Abstract : The aim of this study is to show that even when a verb is strongly polysemic, it has certain properties that recur in all its uses and especially in idiomatic expressions. These properties give rise to interpretative effects, constraints on argument selection and syntactic behaviour that are amenable to explanation. The theoretical framework adopted is that of antoine culioli and in particular location theory. Each verb is first described individually from a different angle as illustrated in the chapter titles : defence and illustration of the "consistency" of mettre; unity and polysemy of prendre; passer and weak alterity; what's left of tenir in tiens. The verbs are then compared in two types of uses : passer prendre tenir (quelqu'un) pour un "imbécil"e, and "passer prendre mettre du temps a pour faire quelque chose". Finally a semantic analysis of socio-stylistic variation is suggested, based on reflexions on uses such as : "mettre une gifle a quelqu'un, prendre un caillou dans la figure, tenir une bonne crève, passer (vs donner prêter) quelque chose a quelqu'un".
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https://hal-univ-paris10.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01635677
Contributor : Evelyne Saunier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 15, 2017 - 3:16:34 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01635677, version 1

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Evelyne Saunier. Identité lexicale et régulation de la variation sémantique: contribution à l'étude des emplois de "mettre", "prendre","passer" et "tenir". Linguistique. Univerisité Paris X Nanterre, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996PA100033⟩. ⟨tel-01635677⟩

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