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Les dernières sociétés du Tardiglaciaire et des tout débuts de l’Holocène en France : bilan d’une trentaine d’années de recherche

Abstract : Since the middle of the 1980s, a lot of research has focused on the end of the Upper Palaeolithic in France. This article presents an overview of these thirty years of research, organized around four main geographic units which structure our knowledge of these societies. However, this overview aims to bring to light the main dynamics driving the composition of the technical, economic, symbolic and probably socio-cultural systems in France as a whole. Between the end of the Magdalenian and the first stages of the Mesolithic, the history of the hunter-gatherers on this territory underwent three major changes. The rhythms of these changes are still unclear and understanding the forces driving these changes is still difficult, although scenarios based on the very unstable climatic and environmental context are often advanced. This Lateglacial is no longer merely considered to be the antechamber of the Mesolithic –an “EpiPalaeolithic”, as it was called– studied in particular to contextualize the emergence of complex societies, wrongly solely attributed to the Neolithic. These last Pleistocene periods, with their abundant cultural changes and complex evolutionary techno-complexes and traditions, comprise their own research issues and constitute a subject in their own right.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02297054
Contributor : Mathieu Langlais <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 26, 2020 - 5:25:22 PM
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Nicolas Naudinot, Jean-Pierre Fagnart, Mathieu Langlais, Ludovic Mevel, Boris Valentin. Les dernières sociétés du Tardiglaciaire et des tout débuts de l’Holocène en France : bilan d’une trentaine d’années de recherche. Gallia Préhistoire – Préhistoire de la France dans son contexte européen, CNRS Éditions, 2019, 59, pp.5-45. ⟨10.4000/galliap.1394⟩. ⟨hal-02297054⟩

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